2 best men’s swimmers in the world

Mark Spitz (Modesto, California, USA)

The champion developed a love of swimming since childhood. At the age of 3, he was already a good swimmer, at 5 he started competing, and at 10 he won his first victories and became the owner of 17 national and 1 world records. When the swimmer was 15, he won 4 gold medals at the Olympic games in Maccabian (Israel).

Mark Spitz is a pioneer who managed to win 7 gold medals at one Olympic games in 1972 in Munich. Each of the awards was supplemented with a world record. After these games, the swimmer ends his sports career. In total, mark Spitz recorded 33 world records.

Interesting facts about the athlete

Mark Spitz stood out among other athletes for his laziness and cowardice. No wonder they called him the “lazy athlete”. Before the performance, the coach gave him a “magic pill” that would help him win. In reality, it was just ordinary glucose – the placebo effect worked all the time.
To the coach’s question: “does the moustache get in the way during the competition?» Mark replied that they even help to divert water from his mouth, thereby contributing to a more streamlined body and increased speed. In the following competitions, all Soviet athletes performed with a mustache.
After becoming famous, mark Spitz began to act a lot in advertising. Once, in a live ad for shaving supplies, for a million dollars, he shaved off his famous mustache!
He was awarded the title “Swimmer of the year”three times.

Michael Phelps (Baltimore, MD)

Michael Phelps can be called one of the greatest and most honored swimmers in history. Phelps ‘ athletic career is a series of endless victories and achievements! The champion starts setting records at the age of 16. In total, he has 28 Olympic medals and 29 individual world records in his Arsenal.

In 2001, Michael Phelps set his first world record for the 200-meter butterfly. The next glory came to the athlete 3 years later at the Olympics in Athens: 8 awards, 6 of them – gold medals!

At the championship in Melbourne in 2007, Michael Phelps confidently took 7 more gold medals. A year later, at the Beijing Olympics, the swimmer again surprises the world with his victories. Michael wins 8 gold medals, beating the record of Mark Spitz, who held him for 36 years (7 gold medals at the Olympic games alone).

The athlete’s career ended in 2016. He is now married to model Nicole Johnson and they have a young son.

Interesting facts about the athlete champion is the author of 2 books: «Beneath the surface: My story ” (2008) and “Without limits: the pursuit of success” (2009).
Michael drinks a very large amount of water a day. The Guinness Book of records even recorded a case when he drank 91 liters in a day, that is, more than he weighs.
In addition to his athletic achievements, Michael Phelps is famous for his diet, which involves eating 10,000 calories a day!
The swimmer has a non – standard leg size-47. The arm span is 201 – 203 cm, which is 10 cm more than the athlete’s own height!
Phelps was awarded the swimmer of the year award 7 times.
In 2004, in the city of Baltimore, where the swimmer was born, one of the streets was named after him.

The history of swimming

Swimming is a sport, the essence of which is to overcome a certain distance by swimming in the shortest time. Swimming is certainly one of the oldest sports. People many centuries ago adopted different ways of swimming from animals, which helped them in fishing, moving from coast to coast, or simply in military Affairs. The first style of swimming — “dog-style”, existed until the 13th century. Archaeological excavations in Ancient Greece and Egypt indicate that the first written mention of this sport dates back to 2000 BC.

At the end of the XV century, Venice began to hold annual competitions in sports swimming for men over 30 years old. At that time, swimming was one of the most popular sports. In 1538, thanks to the Dane Winman, the first manual describing the various ways of sailing at that time was published. In the XVIII century, swimming schools were opened in many European countries, and in the middle of the XIX century, artificial pools appeared.
In 1889, the first European championship was held, and in 1896, swimming was officially included in the Olympic games program.
In 1908, the international Amateur swimming Federation (FINA) was founded, bringing together about 90 national federations.

The history of the development of swimming styles

  1. “Like a dog”. The style originated from ancient people who adopted the habits of animals. It served for crossing to the opposite Bank in shallow water or as a way to hide from a predator.
  2. Breaststroke. Other styles began to appear based on it. The style itself was born long before our era. The first rock paintings of the people who made the movement similar to the breaststroke, was found in the Egyptian “Cave of Swimmers”. Breaststroke became popular among Russian athletes, and it was easy for swimmers to win.
  3. Side, saplings. Folk styles of swimming on the side, improved by the British in the XIX century.
  4. Trejen. It was invented in 1783 by the Englishman John Tredgen, and later named in his honor. This style was used for long distances, helping swimmers reduce physical fatigue and facilitate movement.
  5. Krol. Invented by Richard Cavillon from Australia. It soon gained recognition and is currently the most convenient and fastest type of swimming. Athletes are able to travel long distances without getting too tired along the way.
  6. Butterfly. One of the most complex styles. Hand strokes are similar to the movements of the butterfly, after which it is named. Butterfly — is considered a high-speed version of the classic breaststroke. Appeared in the year 1800.

Efimova: The dream of gold OI allows you to stay in the sport

Three-time Olympic medalist in swimming Yulia Efimova admitted that the dream of winning Olympic gold makes her stay in the sport, and if she won it at the first Games, she could end her career.
Efimova is a bronze medalist at the Olympic games in London and a silver medalist at the games in Rio de Janeiro.
“The Olympics are what allows me to stay in the sport. My dad put this dream into me – to be an Olympic champion. I have all the medals except the Olympic gold. If I had won gold at 16, I don’t know what my fate would have been. Maybe I would have finished right away, or maybe I would have continued. But for now, this goal remains and I am going to this goal,” Efimova said in an interview on Instagram live Andrey_and_Pasha.

Disguise ourselves. Efimova showed training in the original defense

Russian swimmer Yulia Efimova held a training session in a huge monkey mask, so she showed a comic version of the need to wear protective equipment during training. About it writes “gazety”.
“When the coach says that you need to wear a mask in the gym,” Efimova wrote on Instagram.
Wearing a monkey mask, she did some warm-up exercises. At the same time, the swimmer did not get into the water.

Kameneva won the 100 m backstroke in the Russian Cup Final

Maria Kameneva won the 100-meter backstroke in the final of the Russian swimming Cup, which is being held in Obninsk.
Kameneva in the final heat showed a result of 59.92 seconds, the second was Daria K. Ustinova (1 minute 1.25 seconds), closed the top three Anastasia Klyarovskaya (1.01,66).
Oleg Kostin became the best swimmer in the 50 – meter butterfly, with a time of 23.09 seconds in the final. Roman Shevlyakov took the second place (23.76), Daniil Markov (23.78) – the third.

Adam Peaty – British Swimming World-Class Programme

Adam Peaty is among 53 athletes who have been selected for the British Swimming World-Class Programme (WCP) for the 2020-2021 season.

There is though no place for IMers Hannah Miley and Aimee Willmott – who boast four Olympic finals, eight European medals and the last three Commonwealth titles between them.

Neither is their fellow medley specialist Abbie Wood selected for the programme in a year in which the 2018 Commonwealth Games double finalist was on fine form, winning the 200IM at the McCullagh International in February ahead of Olympic silver medallist Siobhan O’Connor.

British Swimming based selection to the WCP on athletes’ past performances and recent form, as well as “a robust assessment of their ability to be successful at this and future Olympiads and World Championships,” they stated in a press release.

So too was the impact of COVID-19 and the subsequent cancellation of events taken into account.

Open water specialist Hector Pardoe, European junior 4×200 relay silver medallist Emma Russell and backstroker Jonathon Adam are among the new additions, whilst Cassie Wild – also a backstroke specialiast – returns to the programme.

The athletes on the WCP are split across Podium and Podium Potential tiers and will receive benefits and targeted support from UK Sport through the World-Class Performance Programme’s Athlete Performance Award.

They also benefit in the form of training camps and competition along with access to sports science and medicine services as well as support from the British Swimming performance staff and national institute of sport programmes across the UK.

British Swimming national performance director Chris Spice, said:

“Due to the challenging circumstances since March this year we have managed to retain our key athletes on the World Class Programme for the coming season, and at the same time make room for some bright young talent coming through the pathway.

“We look forward to working with all programme athletes this coming season in order for them to be in the best possible shape to swim their best in the summer of 2021.”

Efimova plans to fly from the United States to participate in the Russian swimming Championships

Six-time world champion in swimming Yulia Efimova would like to take part in the Russian swimming Championships.

This was reported by the athlete’s agent Olga Eliseeva. Efimova is currently in the United States.

“Yulia would like to fly to the Russian championship. But now it is difficult to plan anything, everything is constantly changing. We will announce the final decision closer to the case,” Yeliseyeva said.

The Russian swimming Championships will be held in Kazan in October, and the short course Championships will be held in Saint Petersburg in December.

FINA approved the transfer of British swimmer Belonogoff to the Russian national team

The international water sports Federation (FINA) has approved the transfer of British swimmer Tatyana Belonogoff to the Russian national team.

“After reviewing various documents, we inform you that FINA has approved the request to change Tatyana Belonogoff’s swimming sports citizenship from British to Russian sports citizenship.

Thus, Tatyana Belonogoff has the right to represent Russia at international competitions from September 10, 2020,” FINA said in a statement, as quoted by the all – Russian swimming Federation (VFP).

19-year-old Belonogoff is a European Junior swimming champion. Tatiana was born and lived in the UK until 2019, then moved to Saint Petersburg, where she trains with Irina Vyatchanina.

The international swimming Federation recommended that the world Cup be moved to 2021

The international swimming Federation (FINA) , after a meeting of the working group, recommended that the swimming world Cup be postponed from 2020 to 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic.

“Despite the fact that the host cities of the world Cup stages show interest in hosting this year’s competition, the FINA working group recommended that the series be postponed to next year in order to ensure the safety of athletes and all interested parties,” the organization’s press service said.

The final stage of the world Cup of the 2020 season was to be held in Kazan. Now it will be held on October 28-30, 2021.

FINA approved the change of sports citizenship of Tatyana Belonogoff

The international swimming Federation (FINA) has approved the change of sports citizenship of British swimmer Tatyana Belonogoff to Russian, the press service of the all-Russian swimming Federation reports.

“After reviewing the various documents provided by your Federation, we inform you that FINA has approved the request to change Tatyana Belonogoff’s sports citizenship from British to Russian. Thus, Tatyana Belonogoff has the right to represent Russia at international competitions from September 10, 2020, ” the statement reads.

The swimmer’s mother is a native of Russia, but Belonogoff was born and lives in Britain. The decision of the athlete to get sports citizenship of Russia became known in February.

The most decorated in history. American Phelps bypassed the Soviet legend and rewritten the history of the Olympics

Phelps is a 23-time Olympic champion (13 times in individual distances, 10 times in relays), 26-time world champion in the 50-meter pool, multiple world record holder. Absolute record holder for the number of gold awards (23) and awards in total (28) in the history of the Olympic games, as well as gold awards (26) and awards in total (33) in the history of the world aquatics Championships.

At the 2012 Olympics in London, Phelps first broke the record of Soviet gymnast Nikolai Andrianov for Olympic medals among men, and then beat the legend of Soviet gymnastics Larisa Latynina for the total number of Olympic awards — she has 18. Latynina’s achievement lasted 48 years.

The most successful American was in freestyle and butterfly swimming, as well as in complex swimming.

Announced his retirement in 2012 at the age of 27 after the London Olympics, but started competing internationally again in 2014, qualifying for the Rio Olympics, where he won five gold and one silver medal. After the Rio Games, he announced his final retirement from swimming.

8 times (2003, 2004, 2006-2009, 2012, 2016) he was recognized as the best swimmer of the year in the world, being the absolute record holder for this indicator. 50 times became the champion of the USA, 9 times was recognized as the best swimmer of the country.

Olympic selection in open water swimming will be held on may 29-30 in Japan

The qualifying pre-Olympic marathon in open water swimming will be held in Fukuoka, Japan, at the end of may 2021, according to the official website of the International swimming Federation (FINA).
The qualification tournament was supposed to be held in 2020, but, like the 2020 Olympics, it was postponed to 2021.
“So far, FINA has announced that the selection will take place on may 29-30, but it is difficult to say how it will end up. So far, we are focusing on these dates, ” senior coach of the Russian national team Sergey Burkov told RIA Novosti by phone.
The Russian national team has not yet won quotas in this sport to participate in the games in Tokyo.

The 2022 European water Polo championship will be held in Croatia

Croatian Split will host the European water Polo championship in 2022, according to the website of the European swimming League (LEN).
The competition dates are scheduled for late summer and early autumn, despite the fact that the last two European Championships were held in the summer. It is noted that the schedule of competitions was affected by the coronavirus pandemic, because of which the Olympic games were postponed to 2021, and the world aquatics Championships were postponed from the summer of 2021 to may 2022.
The 2022 European aquatics Championships will be held in Rome from 11 to 21 August.

Minakov trains on the basis of “Round Lake” and will not go to the USA this year

World swimming championship medalist Andrey Minakov joined the national team at the training camp at Lake Krugloe and will not go to the United States this year, Russian national team head coach Sergey Chepik told RIA Novosti.
Minakov enrolled at Stanford University and was scheduled to travel to the United States in August.
“Minakov trains on the Round, he will not go to the USA now, they gave him the go-ahead. He will train in Russia for the time being. As far as I understand, they kept his place, he will go there to study, but this is still being postponed,” Chepik told RIA Novosti by phone.
“It was decided to stay for a year due to the unfavorable situation there (in the US). This year I will have distance learning, ” Minakov said.

Kazan will host the Swimming World Cup in October 2021

The international swimming Federation has published the calendar of the 2021 world Cup in swimming. In the calendar of the world Cup included six stages. The final stage will be held in Kazan from 28 to 30 October 2021, according to the FINA website.

The competition will be held in a 25-meter pool and will be the qualifying starts for the world short course swimming Championships, which will be held in Abu Dhabi (UAE) from December 13 to 18, 2021.

Vladimir Morozov (photo: Jack Spitser)

Honored swimming coach Gennady Turk has died

Famous Soviet swimmer and Russian coach Gennady Turk has died at the age of 72, reports RT.

According to the pupil of the Turkish, four-time Olympic champion Alexander Popov, the cause of death of his mentor was a massive stroke. The specialist was promptly taken to a hospital in Switzerland and was put into an induced coma, from which he was unable to get out.

Among the pupils of the Turkish, in addition to Popov, are Olympic Champions Vladimir Pyshnenko of Russia, as well as Australians Michael Klim, Petria Thomas and Matthew Dunn.

The first gold in history, a world record. How Efimova became the first world swimming champion from Russia

11 years ago, on August 2, 2009, Yulia Efimova won the 50-meter breaststroke and brought Russia the first women’s gold at the world Championships.

A day earlier, on August 1, the qualifying heats were held, following which the Russian showed the best result and set a championship record of 30.24 seconds. On the same day, Efimova confidently reached the final, showing the third result among all participants in the semifinals.

In the final, the athlete from Russia set a world record of 30.09 seconds and brought Russia the first women’s gold at the world Championships, just 0.02 seconds ahead of American Rebecca Soni, who took silver, and 0.07 seconds ahead of Sarah Katsulis from Australia.

Shortly before that, on July 28, Efimova lost to Rebecca Soni in the 100-meter breaststroke final and earned silver.

Swimming as a sport-through the centuries to achievements

Swimming and health
Swimming as a sport has long established itself among professionals and Amateurs, but its importance for health promotion and human development in General, it is difficult to overestimate:

  • strengthens internal organs and their work: heart, vascular and nervous systems (eliminates nervousness), breathing;
  • promotes the growth of teenagers, as the spine is unloaded and stretched while sliding through the water;
  • it hardens the body, improves thermoregulation processes, thereby increasing the resistance of the body’s systems to adverse environmental factors prevents congestion in the veins and arteries, facilitating the return of venous blood to the heart;
  • promotes weight loss due to active physical activity develops the lungs by stimulating their air exchange;
  • aligns the posture by releasing the intervertebral discs from the load.
    Contraindications
    Unfortunately, this famous sport still has several contraindications that you need to listen to when visiting the pool:
  • acute diseases of the spine and pain in it;
  • viral and fungal diseases, burns;
  • infectious and pulmonary diseases violations functions of the brain;
    epilepsy, convulsions.
  • Pregnancy in the last stages can be an obstacle to heavy training, but as a recovery of the body in consultation with a doctor is allowed.

Kinds
The IOC classification identifies four official types of Olympic sports swimming. In fact, there are many more of them, and new ones appear every year. Olympic medals are awarded in the following swimming events.

  1. Sports-competitions are held in pools of 50 or 25 m at a distance of 50 m to 1.5 km or in open water at a distance of 5-25 km or more. The distance must be covered by the chosen method: crawl, breaststroke, butterfly or backstroke.
  2. Synchronized-a relatively young sport that includes elements of dance and music. Teams of several girls perform a mandatory and demonstration program, which is evaluated by a jury of 10 people. Russian athletes managed to win the most world awards in this sport.
  3. Water Polo is a game sport. This is a team game with a ball, which involves 2 teams of seven people. The game, which aims to throw the ball into the opponent’s goal, lasts for four periods of eight minutes. During a match, only the goalkeeper has the right to take the ball with both hands, the players only send it to each other.
  4. Diving: a spectacular event. Athletes perform jumps from a tower or springboard, and the judges evaluate their work on a scale of difficulty from 1.2 to 4 points. The run-up, the clarity of repulsion from the springboard, the quality of the flip in the air and the entrance to the water are evaluated. Athletes jump both alone and in pairs.

SPANISH WJR HOLDER VAZQUEZ RUIZ TAKES 400 IM TITLE IN PORTUGAL

Day 2 of the 2020 Pura Loulé meet in Portugal was again without Olympic gold medalist Mireia Belmonte, despite the versatile 29-year-old having appeared on the start lists.

With the Spaniard star’s absence in the women’s 400m free event, it was countrymate Paula Juste Sanchez who got the job done for gold. Clocking a time of 4:13.46, the 17-year-old held on to beat Viviane Jungblut, who also got under 4:15 in a silver medal-worthy time of 4:14.98.

VAZQUEZ RUIZ Alba ESP 400 Individual Medley women LEN European Swimming Junior Championships 2019 Aquatic Palace Kazan Day1 03/07/2019 Photo G.Scala/Deepbluemedia/Insidefoto

For Sanchez, her performance here is on par with her breakout swimming from last short course season. At the Spanish Short Course Championships in November, the then-16-year-old twice broke the National Age Record in the 200m IM (2:10.49) while also producing a new age mark in the 400m IM (4:36.38).

She competed in this 400m free event at the 2019 World Junior Championships where she placed 5th with a final time there in Budapest of 4:10.72, her lifetime best.

National record holder Jessica Vall, also of Spain, doubled up on her 200m breast victory from last night with a win this evening in the 100m sprint here in Portugal.

Splitting 31.85/35.46, Vall logged a winning effort of 1:07.31 to easily beat the field. Vall owns the national record with the 1:06.44 she produced in 2017. In Gwangju at the 2019 FINA World Aquatic Championships, Vall settled for 14th place in a semi-final time of 1:07.46.

Lidon Munoz produced the only sub-26 second time in the women’s 50m freestyle, finishing in 25.70 for the gold. She owns Spain’s fastest time ever with the 24.82 she posted at last year’s Sette Colli Trophy in Rome, Italy.

The men’s 50m free was won by Brazil’s Pedro Spajari, with the 23-year-old hitting a time of 22.53. That came in .30 ahead of Portgual’s Miguel Duarte Nascimento, who snagged silver in 22.83. There was a 2-way tie for bronze between Brazil’s Marcelo Chierghini and Juan Segura Gutierrez of Spain, with both registering 23.04.

Spajari has been on several international medal-winning relay squads for Brazil, including the swimming 400 free relay at the 2018 Pan Pacific Championships, as well as the same event at the 2019 Pan American Games. He took the individual silver medal in this 50m free event at the 2019 World Military Games, posting a time of 22.53 in Wuhan, China.

Spain’s World Junior Record holder and reigning World Junior champion in the women’s 400m IM, Alba Vazquez Ruiz, collected gold her in specialty event. She stopped the clock in at time of 4:46.86 to top the podium, with her time her representing the 10th fastest time of her career.

Last year in Budapest, Ruiz made her statement with a winning time of 4:38.53 to take the world junior title and fire off a new WJR in the event.