Swimming and health
Swimming as a sport has long established itself among professionals and Amateurs, but its importance for health promotion and human development in General, it is difficult to overestimate:
- strengthens internal organs and their work: heart, vascular and nervous systems (eliminates nervousness), breathing;
- promotes the growth of teenagers, as the spine is unloaded and stretched while sliding through the water;
- it hardens the body, improves thermoregulation processes, thereby increasing the resistance of the body’s systems to adverse environmental factors prevents congestion in the veins and arteries, facilitating the return of venous blood to the heart;
- promotes weight loss due to active physical activity develops the lungs by stimulating their air exchange;
- aligns the posture by releasing the intervertebral discs from the load.
Unfortunately, this famous sport still has several contraindications that you need to listen to when visiting the pool:
- acute diseases of the spine and pain in it;
- viral and fungal diseases, burns;
- infectious and pulmonary diseases violations functions of the brain;
- Pregnancy in the last stages can be an obstacle to heavy training, but as a recovery of the body in consultation with a doctor is allowed.
The IOC classification identifies four official types of Olympic sports swimming. In fact, there are many more of them, and new ones appear every year. Olympic medals are awarded in the following swimming events.
- Sports-competitions are held in pools of 50 or 25 m at a distance of 50 m to 1.5 km or in open water at a distance of 5-25 km or more. The distance must be covered by the chosen method: crawl, breaststroke, butterfly or backstroke.
- Synchronized-a relatively young sport that includes elements of dance and music. Teams of several girls perform a mandatory and demonstration program, which is evaluated by a jury of 10 people. Russian athletes managed to win the most world awards in this sport.
- Water Polo is a game sport. This is a team game with a ball, which involves 2 teams of seven people. The game, which aims to throw the ball into the opponent’s goal, lasts for four periods of eight minutes. During a match, only the goalkeeper has the right to take the ball with both hands, the players only send it to each other.
- Diving: a spectacular event. Athletes perform jumps from a tower or springboard, and the judges evaluate their work on a scale of difficulty from 1.2 to 4 points. The run-up, the clarity of repulsion from the springboard, the quality of the flip in the air and the entrance to the water are evaluated. Athletes jump both alone and in pairs.