Swimming is a sport, the essence of which is to overcome a certain distance by swimming in the shortest time. Swimming is certainly one of the oldest sports. People many centuries ago adopted different ways of swimming from animals, which helped them in fishing, moving from coast to coast, or simply in military Affairs. The first style of swimming — “dog-style”, existed until the 13th century. Archaeological excavations in Ancient Greece and Egypt indicate that the first written mention of this sport dates back to 2000 BC.
At the end of the XV century, Venice began to hold annual competitions in sports swimming for men over 30 years old. At that time, swimming was one of the most popular sports. In 1538, thanks to the Dane Winman, the first manual describing the various ways of sailing at that time was published. In the XVIII century, swimming schools were opened in many European countries, and in the middle of the XIX century, artificial pools appeared.
In 1889, the first European championship was held, and in 1896, swimming was officially included in the Olympic games program.
In 1908, the international Amateur swimming Federation (FINA) was founded, bringing together about 90 national federations.
The history of the development of swimming styles
- “Like a dog”. The style originated from ancient people who adopted the habits of animals. It served for crossing to the opposite Bank in shallow water or as a way to hide from a predator.
- Breaststroke. Other styles began to appear based on it. The style itself was born long before our era. The first rock paintings of the people who made the movement similar to the breaststroke, was found in the Egyptian “Cave of Swimmers”. Breaststroke became popular among Russian athletes, and it was easy for swimmers to win.
- Side, saplings. Folk styles of swimming on the side, improved by the British in the XIX century.
- Trejen. It was invented in 1783 by the Englishman John Tredgen, and later named in his honor. This style was used for long distances, helping swimmers reduce physical fatigue and facilitate movement.
- Krol. Invented by Richard Cavillon from Australia. It soon gained recognition and is currently the most convenient and fastest type of swimming. Athletes are able to travel long distances without getting too tired along the way.
- Butterfly. One of the most complex styles. Hand strokes are similar to the movements of the butterfly, after which it is named. Butterfly — is considered a high-speed version of the classic breaststroke. Appeared in the year 1800.